The Present and the Future of Qualitative Research in Asia: Strategies and Directions
Arceli Rosario, Pavel Zubkov, David Lumowa, Gracel Ann Saban
Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies, Silang, Cavite, Philippines
With the growing interest in qualitative research and the increasing expectation to meet its methodological demands, qualitative researchers must strive to equip themselves with adequate knowledge and skills. In addition, they must know trends in qualitative research and decide which of those they can appropriately do and apply in their setting. According to Flick (2014), there are new methodological trends in qualitative research such as visual and electronic data, qualitative online research, using computers, hybridization, triangulation, linking qualitative and quantitative research, and ensuring quality of qualitative research (p. 528). Hesse-Biber (2017) adds that qualitative researchers should engage in more conversations regarding ethics, explore methodological innovations such as arts-based research and autoethnography, and consider other theoretical perspectives. Other innovations are the use of big data (Davison, Edwards, Jamieson, & Weller, 2019) and rethinking quality criteria for qualitative research (Morse, 2015). In this presentation, we will focus on some trends and possible future directions of qualitative research in Asia. We will discuss the following: (a) using well-established research designs, methods, and frameworks; (b) conducting data collection that is culturally-relevant and ethical; (c) using indigenous philosophical frameworks; and (d) building a community of qualitative researchers. Our presentation is rooted in our experience as the leadership team of the Asian Qualitative Research Association (AQRA), which was founded in 2015. We will share how AQRA has played a role in empowering qualitative researchers in Asia and how it has provided a platform for a conversation with qualitative researchers in other parts of the world.
Arceli Rosario, PhD, is a professor and chair of the Education Department of the Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies in the Philippines. She served as a high school principal, vice president for academic affairs, and college president. She has taught courses, conducted trainings, published studies using qualitative methodologies, and is a co-editor of The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research in the Asian Context. She is the incumbent president of Asian Qualitative Research in Asia.
David Lumowa, PhD, is a faculty of the Business Department of the Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies, Philippines. While he comes from a quantitative research orientation, he has promoted qualitative research through his involvement with the Asian Qualitative Research Association as the chief financial officer. He is a trainer in qualitative research, specifically in analysing data using qualitative data analysis software. He wrote a chapter in The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research.
Gracel Ann Saban. PhD, is an associate professor in the Education Department of the Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies in the Philippines. Her profound zeal in and growing exposure to qualitative research has empowered her to delve into various qualitative research endeavors such as her active membership and service as executive secretary in the Asian Qualitative Research Association and regular participation in the World Conference on Qualitative Research. She fervently desires to make her teaching and research activities as means of sharing the love and hope of Jesus Christ to the community of expert learners.
Pavel Zubkov, PhD, is an assistant professor of the Applied Theology Department of the Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies in the Philippines. He teaches applied theology research and writing and serves as a seminary methodologist. He comes from a quantitative orientation but has extended his interest to qualitative research. He is a co-editor of Qualitative Research for Practical Theology and contributed several chapters in The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research. He is the chief operating officer of the Asian Qualitative Research Association.